Numerical solution of the Euler equations for representation of transonic flows over airfoils / Solução numérica das equações de Euler para representação do escoamento transônico em aerofólios




The study of aerodynamic modeling methods for the transonic flow regime is of great importance in aeronautical engineering. Major challenge on the treatment of those flows is on their nonlinear features due to compressibility effects and shock waves (appearance). Such nonlinear effects present a strong influence on aerodynamic performance, as well as they are responsible for harmful aeroelastic response phenomena in aircraft. Equations for transonic flows can be obtained from the basic fluid mechanic equations. However, only numerical methods are able to attain practical solutions for those set of differential equations at the present moment. For the specific case of treating transonic flow problems, the nonlinear Euler equations provide a set of partial differential equations with features to capture nonlinear effects of typical compressible flows, despite of not accounting for viscous flows effects. The aim of this work is to implement a computational routine for the numerical solution of transonic flows around airfoils. The Euler equations are used and the flow field around a aerodynamic profile is discretized by finite difference method. A C-type structured mesh is used to discretize the flow around a NACA0012 airfoil. The methodology for numerical solution is based on the explicit MacCormack method which has second order accuracy in time and space. Based on the upwind approximation, artificial dissipation with nonlinear coefficients is incorporated to the method. The steady transonic flow around the NACA0012 airfoil numerical solution is assessed and the main flow properties are presented. Shock wave structure can also be observed by means of the Mach number contours around the airfoil. Pressure distributions on upper and lower surfaces for different flow conditions are also shown, thereby allowing the observation of the effects of the abrupt pressure change due to shock waves. The results are validated using data presented in the technical literature. The present code solutions agree well with the solution obtained in other computational codes used for the same problem


métodos numéricos métodos dfc cfd methods computational aerodynamics ondas de choque euler equations shock waves numerical methods equações de euler aerodinâmica computacional transonic flows escoamentos transônicos

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