Numerical model of oil spill as an environmental management method in contingency plan, applied to São Sebastião channel (SP). / Modelagem numérica do comportamento de derrames de óleo como método de gestão ambiental, em planos de contingência, aplicada ao canal de São Sebastião (SP).




The application of numeric models for analysis of oil spill in the coastal environments becomes one of the most important ways to understand the behavior of the oil in this case of impact, giving subsides to the prediction of the displacement of the patches and allowing best efficiency in the control of the extension of the impact agent. These assumptions give thrust to the development of applied research in this work, which is defined by the knowledge of the different hydrodynamic conditions that compose the oceanographic structure in the São Sebastião Channel, by the utilization of the software MIKE 21 of the DHI (Danish Hydrodynamic Institute) and the comparison with historic cases of spill described in the literature. A satellite image was processed showing the real conditions of the spill, considering the physic-chemical changes and compared with the other data improve the evaluation process. Seven oil spills were studied and compared to the simulations, and there were generated six scenarios in different environmental conditions. The results show that the most important forcing of the environmental conditions of the oil patch is the wind, and the simulations agree well with the real processes. The hydrodynamic module of Mike 21 reveals an applicable tool for this kind of studies, giving sufficient information to reduce the impact of oil spill improving the oil spill contention.


petróleo (impacto) oil spill são paulo são sebastião hidráulica marítima hydraulic engineering modelos matemáticos numerical model

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