Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL): literature review with a focus on occupational medicine
Metidieri, Mirella Melo, Rodrigues, Hugo Fernandes Santos, Oliveira Filho, Francisco José Motta Barros de, Ferraz, Daniela Pereira, Almeida Neto, Antonio Fausto de, Torres, Sandro
Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
According to the Ministry of Health (2006), Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) is hearing loss caused by prolonged exposure to noise. It is characterized as sensorineural hearing loss and is usually bilateral, irreversible, and progressive while the exposure to noise continues. A NIHL is a predictable and preventable disease with an epidemiologically relevant prevalence in urban communities. The hearing loss begins and predominates in the frequencies of 3, 4, and 6 kHz and eventually progresses to 8, 2, 1, 5, and 25 kHz. In Brazil, regulatory standard 15 limits the exposure to continuous noise to no more than 4 hours' exposure to 90 dBA and a maximum level of 85 dB for a full 8-hour working period. As NIHL is a preventable and predictable disease, preventive action by professionals may be able to change the prevalence of hearing loss in noisy environments.
- Separating noise-induced from age-related hearing loss.
- Analysis of serum microRNA expression in male workers with occupational noise-induced hearing loss
- The Effect of the Cholesterol Levels on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
- Pitch and Loudness from Tinnitus in Individuals with Noise-induced Hearing Loss
- Prevention of the Evolution of Workers' Hearing Loss from Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Noisy Environments through a Hearing Conservation Program