Namoro e violÃncia: um estudo sobre amor, namoro e violÃncia para jovens de grupos populares e camadas mÃdias




The overall purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the meaning of violence among a group of young people who are dating with the following focus questions: 1) comprehend what the participants consider violent relationships; 2) identify the most common types of violence among participating young dating couples; 3) investigate the context in which violence is acceptable among participating dating couples. This study related to the field of Social Psychology, based on the theoretical perspective as Discursive Practice and Production of Senses affiliated with Constructionism. The thesis is that violence is not originated from the boyfriend or the girlfriend, but rather from the relationship and its meaning. Twenty two interviews were conducted, semi-structured - taped and transcribed -, with young people between the ages of 18 and 29 years, who described their relationships as dating. The participants were divided in two groups: eleven low-income youth, seven females, five males, and eleven middle class youth, seven females and five males. In addition to interviews, field-notes and journals were taken daily as from news related to cases of violence among youth, made available by the media, both print and television. It was concluded from the data that the violence among dating youth, appear to have as the main motivation, the belief that the other person is a possession, consequently giving one the right to control over the other. Although the youngâs bring their own perceptions of the phenomenon of violence in relationships, it is as if this perception did not exist in the daily dating interactions. Nevertheless, violence was evident in the youth interviewed in different forms: insults; slaps; pushing; prohibiting relationships with friends, or friendships with people from the opposite sex; âbuyingâ the other with gifts; preventing the other from participating in certain activities, such as dancing; controlling the other person through the phone calls and internet social websites. The young participants did not consider control, insults, physical, psychological and moral aggression, threat of breaking up as violence. Among the reasons for the invisibility of violence in the relationship were: 1) the conception of love by the youth; 2) the understanding of some of the youth that violence is restricted only in the physical realm; 3) the understanding about some of the present norms of dating. In the relationship, violence is exercised by males and females, being utilized as a form of control: control of the other person; guarantee of fidelity; having the last word


prÃticas discursivas violence discursive practices violÃncia namoro relaÃÃes afetivas psicologia affective relationships dating

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