Museu da cidade : arte, historia e espetaculo / Museum of city : art, history and spectacle


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This dissertation aims the understanding of the so called Museums of the City and how they contribute into the urban context; once it was one of the pioneers among the brazilian museums dedicated specifically to the city, the Museum of the City of Campinas became the focus of this work. Once the Museum of the City are defined as specialized centers on urban history and culture, a conjunct of reflections on the relationship between Museum, City and Art guide the steps of this research; based on specialized bibliography, eletronic and press publications and field researches. The search begins at the collectionism practiced in Europe from the XII th to XVII th centuries, studies the emergence of the public museums, their diversification and creation a model of museum exported to Americas at the XVIII th century as well its development in Brazil up to the XX th century when a variety of museums come up. At the end of that century, cities as well urban patrimonies were upgraded to the category of cultural goods; "musealization" and "spetacularization" were the ways of preserving urban patrimonies and promoting to the population the concept of city in it self. All the cities could attribute to or extract from their patrimonies as well the care dispensed to them and to the environment became indexes of life quality and factors of attraction of investments. In sequence, this dissertation analyzes the museological concepts and experiences of creations of the french Ecomuseums or Museums of Territory, the brazilian Regional Museum, the Department of Culture and Museum of City of São Paulo seen as elements of formation the Museums of the City at the XX th century. At the end of the XX th century the implantation of new museums and it s"spetacularization" came to be understood as ways of producing locals of success and projecting the image of the city; more than knowledge, amusement and leisure were expected from the museums. Finally, this dissertation focuses the Museum of City of Campinas inaugurated in 1992; at that time, the museum seemed to correspond in name, proposal and edification the scientific recommendations, economic trends and cultural values then prevailing among the globalized nations. Nevertheless analysis indicated a distortion of the project and deflection of its functions but it also makes evident all its potentialities. The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate that once specialized in the urban history and culture the Museum of City of Campinas may become the ideal mediator of the local artistic universe and the promoter of a cultural pole relatively autonomous from São Paulo


museu cidade arte espetaculo museum city art spectacle

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