Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of amdinocillin in healthy volunteers.


The pharmacokinetics of amdinocillin (mecillinam) after multiple intravenous doses to healthy subjects are described. Assay of plasma and urine samples was carried out with a sensitive and specific high-pressure liquid chromatographic technique. A dose of 10 mg/kg of body weight was administered every 4 h for six doses. No accumulation was noted. Mean peak plasma concentrations were approximately 50 micrograms/ml, and the plasma half-life was approximately 53 min. Total plasma clearance was 4.6 ml/min per kg after the first dose, which declined slightly to 4.1 ml/min per kg after the last dose. Renal clearance remained fairly constant at approximately 2.9 ml/min per kg, or twice the creatinine clearance. The fraction excreted unchanged totaled 63% during the 4-h interval after the first dose and was nearly 70% overall. The steady-state volume of distribution was calculated to be 0.26 liter/kg. Urinary concentrations of amdinocillin were far in excess of the usual inhibitory concentrations for susceptible pathogens and were as high as 3,000 micrograms/ml. Dose of amdinocillin every 4 h provide plasma and urine concentrations which should be effective for the treatment of infections.

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