Modelagem para remoção de metais pesados atraves de algas : analise para um componente em processos batelada e continuo




Effluents of many industrial processes carry high levels of heavy metals, which in great part are disposed in the water sources, polluting them. There are many treatments for these effluents, but one, specially, is gainning importance: the retention of heavy metals using algae. Algae are used in environment recovery promoting retention of heavy metals, in order to reutilize them for industrial purposes. The objective of this work was to develop a computer program in Fortran and, along with experimental data from literature, model the batch and the continous process of heavy metals retention by biossorption. This study was carried out considering the effluent having only one kind of heavy metal, avoiding the influence or competition of other metaIs. Experimental data from batch processes taken ftom literature helped finding the equilibrium and the fluid-solid mass transfer parameters. After this analysis in batch process, these data were used to a first estimate of the continuous process. First, a batch modeling was done and it provided a good analysis of the mass transfer coefficient, the equilibrium constant, the Langmuir and the Freundlich isotherms and the fixed bed modeling. Satisfactory results were obtained to the batch process as much as for the continous algae fixed bed, providing equilibrium curves, adsorption isotherms, batch concentration curves and Breakthrough continous concentration curves


metais pesados adsorção alga algae heavy metals biosorption effluents

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