Metallic single-walled silicon nanotubes


National Academy of Sciences


Atomistic computer-simulation evidences are presented for the possible existence of one-dimensional silicon nanostructures: the square, pentagonal, and hexagonal single-walled silicon nanotubes (SWSNTs). The local geometric structure of the SWSNTs differs from the local tetrahedral structure of cubic diamond silicon, although the coordination number of atoms of the SWSNTs is still fourfold. Ab initio calculations show that the SWSNTs are locally stable in vacuum and have zero band gap, suggesting that the SWSNTs are possibly metals rather than wide-gap semiconductors.

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