Membranas Compuestas: propiedades superficiales y estabilidad térmica


Matéria (Rio J.)




ABSTRACT The composite membranes were manufactured with crosslinking poly(vinyl alcohol) on polyethersulfone porous membranes by coating process. PES membranes were exposed to air plasma for the purpose of surface modification. The coating of the support membrane was carried out by using a polymer matrix with a crosslinking agent. The physico-chemical properties have been studied by attenuated total reflectance fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and contact angle measurements. Thermal stability properties and phases transition of the composite membranes were investigated by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Poly(vinyl alcohol) is water-soluble, hydrophilic and biodegradable polymer with excellent film forming properties. However, PVA must be crosslinked by modification reactions with a crosslinking agent to form a stable membrane with good mechanical properties in pervaporation. PVA was used as the dense polymer with maleic acid as a crosslinking agent. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy revealed the nature of the surface chemical. Contact angle measurements have been used for evaluating changes in wetting properties. The air-plasma treatment caused an effective surface modification. The mechanism responsible for the wettability improvement was the surface functionalization by insertion of polar groups. Introduction of maleic acid into the polymer chain increased the amorphous region of the membrane. The PVA is a semi-crystalline polymer exhibiting both a glass transition temperature (Tg) and a melting isotherm (Tm), as evidenced in the DSC thermogram. Thermal properties of the composite membranes were significantly enhanced. Both, the decomposition temperature and the residual weight increased when compared with dense PVA membranes. The chemically crosslinked PVA with maleic acid resulted in the formation of composite membranes with improved pervaporation properties for separation application.

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