Long-term consequences of osteoporosis therapy with denosumab


Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism




ABSTRACT Denosumab (DMAb) is a human monoclonal antibody used as an antiresorptive drug in the treatment of osteoporosis. Approval at a dosage of 60 mg every 6 months was based on the results of the randomized, placebo-controlled trial (FREEDOM). The design of this 3-year study included an extension for up to 10 years. Those who were randomized to DMAb continued on drug, while those who were randomized to placebo transitioned to DMAb. The 10-year experience with DMAb provides data on efficacy of drug in terms of reduced fractures and continued increases in bone mineral density (BMD). The 10-year experience with denosumab also provides information about rare complications associated with the use of DMAb, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), and atypical femoral fractures (AFF). This experience provided new insights into the reversibility of effects upon discontinuation without follow-on therapy with another agent. This review focuses upon prolonged treatment with DMAb, with regard to beneficial effects on fracture reduction and safety. Additionally, its use in patients with impaired renal function, compare its results with those of bisphosphonates (BPs), the occurrence/frequency of complications, in addition to the use of different tools, from imaging techniques to histological findings, to evaluate its effects on bone tissue.

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