Linguagem, afasia, (a)praxia : uma perspectiva neurolinguistica




The Neurolinguistics based on a discoursive conception of language is today an important field for investigation in cognition research, including Physiotherapy. The main authors wich orientaing this study, as long as theoretical and methodological principies are concerned, were COUDRY (1986/96) and MORATO (1996, 1999) as a reference to discoursive conceptions in Neurolinguistic and LURIA (1966, 1973, 1981, 1987), as well, CHRISTENSEN (1987) for the investigation method based on complex functional system theory. Apraxia, taken as a cognitive phenomena in close relationship to aphasia, reminds a point of interest wich results in a great number of neuropsychological and neurolinguistc studies. The author reflects about the relationship between /anguage and praxia, discussing the apraxia assessment in neuropsychological test batteries for aphasic subjects. These procedures, employed as diagnostic aids, are based on the results of the scores obtained, what may show that sometimes the subjects do not understand the instructions. The aim of this study is to show that apraxia occuring together with aphasia is a consequence of /anguage invo/vement and not as a consequence of movement impairment, because the tests instructions are usually verbal. It is suggested to insert neuropsychological and neurolinguistics theoretical and methodological principies in teaching and researching of Physiotherapy issues, traditionally based almost exclusively on neurophysiological principies. The data presented show differences and opposition between an assessment and intervention, based on a discursive approach and those largely used in traditional test batteries


afasia gestos apraxia fisioterapia neurolinguistica

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