Lactobacillus paracasei Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritonitis and Review of the Literature


American Society for Microbiology


We describe the first case of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)-related peritonitis due to Lactobacillus paracasei. It occurred in a 65-year-old patient with recurrent episodes of peritonitis while he was receiving a prolonged course of intraperitoneal vancomycin. L. paracasei should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pathogens in CAPD-related peritonitis, especially in patients receiving prolonged vancomycin or glycopeptide treatment.

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