Interação da proteína albumina do soro bovino (BSA) com substratos sintéticos / Interaction of the protein bovine serum albumin (BSA) with synthetic substrates.
Ernando Silva Ferreira
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The interface formed by biological materials and synthetic materials has great importance in biomedical applications such as the development of biomaterials for medical implants, which has as an essential process of protein adsorption on the surface of biomaterials, and is not yet well understood in the molecular level. Some proteins undergo conformational changes after adsorption at solid-liquid interfaces, affecting their functions or properties, and few techniques can measure conformational changes in solid interfaces. It is possible to study the intrinsic fluorescence of proteins: the position of the maximum in the spectral range of fluorescence, the quantum efficiency and lifetime of fluorescence are indicators of change in the local environment of fluorescent groups of protein molecules. On the other hand, gold nanopartículas have attracted much attention for its affinity with biological materials and their optical properties. In this thesis we study the feasibility of glass substrates, quartz, mica and ITO (Indium tin oxide) modified with chitosan, phtalocyanines (Ni, Fe and Ni) and poly (allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) on the adsorption of BSA in the form of films produced by the layer by layer technique. The system was studied by UV-Vis and static and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Morphological characterization of the films was performed by atomic force microscopy and optical microscopy. The results indicate that the films of BSA/PAH grew with efficiency four times greater than the films made of chitosan, that the quartz has the best working window for UV-vis and there is a relationship between the pH of the BSA and lifetime of fluorescence of the resulting film. Gold nanoparticles were produced by chemical reduction and stabilized by four different methods. The growth of nanoparticles was monitored by UV-vis spectroscopy. The surface charge of nanoparticles and the BSA was estimated at various pH values by zeta potential measurements. The results indicated that the nanoparticles have negative charges in the pH range studied. BSA solutions were prepared at various pH values, were taken to interact with gold nanoparticles. Fluorescence quenching data of BSA showed a greater affinity of the BSA with nanoparticles stabilized with sucrose, at pH near the isoelectric point (IEP) estimated for BSA.
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