Instantons in curved spaces / Instantons em espaços curvos




In this work we study instanton solutions of the Yang-Mills theory in Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom spaces with gauge group SU(2).Instantons are solutions to the classical field equations of Yang-Mills theory defined in a space with Riemannian (positive de finite)metric with finite action. We begin with a review of the geometric setting of Yang-Mills theory on a four dimensional manifold,which relates the gauge fields to connections on a fiber bundle.We proceed by presenting the main results related to instantons in flat space. In the second part of this thesis we perform a systematic study of the solutions of Yang-Mills theory in Euclidian Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom spaces.This approach led us to discover a new family of instantons de fined in those backgrounds. Moreover, our results show that the number of instanton families in the Reissner-Nordstrom space depends directly on the eletric charge which caracterizes this geometry


yang-milles instantons instantons gauge teorias de teoria de gauge theories yang-milles theory

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