Insersecção de classes : fundos de pensão e sindicalismo no Brasil / Class s insersection : pension funds and unions in Brazil




This thesis discusses the relationship between pension funds and the unions, focusing on the period of Lula?s Government (2003-2010), because it?s a historic moment particularly relevant, in which the main politic forces sustaining the government have their bases in social unionism-CUT, which have strong interests in the pension funds issue. The research was methodologically structured in two parts. On the one hand, it was considered necessary to apprehend the object by performing an investigation of international experiences involving the relationship between unions and pension funds in order to make comparative studies with the Brazilian experience. On the other hand, relations between unions and pension funds have been understood as a reality composed of three dimensions, known here as 1) economic (the role of pension funds in economic and social development), 2) politic (pension funds for the strengthening of union power), and 3) social (the role of pension funds in the provision of welfare rights). Running along these two methodological axes are historiography studies, which initiate the theses describing the reorganization of capitalism in recent decades, in which the productive flexibility, deregulation and financialization weaken the pillars of "Strong State" and organized labor, while growing importance and power of "free" market. In this context, in which finance dominates economic system, occurs the emergence and strengthening of pension funds and the weakening and retreat of the labor movement. Harassed by the adverse economic and cultural-ideological offensive which provides coverage to advance of liberalism, unions seek concrete alternatives for action, replacing or adding to their traditional practices. In this way, they find the pension funds. Because the funds are institutional investors, apparently they would be an access to other fields of intervention, such as corporate management and promotion of economic development. Specificity in Brazil, the option of driving forces of CUT, PT and Lula s Government for the pension funds may also be caused by a reticent or dubious political culture about the State, and favorable valuation of the "autonomy" of the social subjects situated in civil society. This would open a space of legitimating for "non-state" institutions, which are composed with workers resources


sindicalismo - brasil fundos de pensão previdencia social estado governança corporativa syndicalism pension funds social security state corporate governance

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