Influência da restrição calórica no metabolismo bioenergético e estado redox de Saccharomyces cerevisiaee Kluyveromyces lactis / Influence of caloric restriction on energy metabolism and redox state of Saccharomyces cerevisiaee Kluyveromyces lactis
Erich Birelli Tahara
IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
Aging involves a progressive decline in metabolic efficiency of biological systems over time. Although it cannot be avoided, aging phenotypes are delayed in organisms undergoing caloric restriction, a dietary regimen consisting of a reduced availability of calories. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has proved to be an important model organism for studying important characteristics related to aging, and is responsive to caloric restriction. We sought to identify factors essential for increased chronological lifespan in yeast by investigating changes in energy metabolism and redox state. We found that defects in the synthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide increased mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species by the enzyme dihidrolipoil dehydrogenase, but did not suppress the increase in chronological life span. On the other hand, mutants of this yeast which do not respond to caloric restriction are those that have defects in aerobic metabolism, specifically in the assembly of the electron transport chain. We also found that different mutations in enzymes of the citric acid cycle alter the rate of loss of mitochondrial in a manner dependent on the initial concentration of glucose in culture media and culture time. We also observed that energy efficiency in S. cerevisiae grown under caloric restriction is increased compared to yeast grown under control conditions. Finally, we also observed that mitochondrial morphology is altered by the cellular metabolic state and correlates with the generation of reactive oxygen species in this organism. Thus, altogether, these data reveal significant changes in metabolism and redox state promoted by caloric restriction, how phenotypes typical of aging can be prevented in S. cerevisiae, as well as what factors are required for the response of yeast to caloric restriction.
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