Influence of three nasal continuous positive airway pressure devices on breathing pattern in preterm infants


BMJ Group


The pattern of breathing was studied in 13 premature newborns treated by variable‐flow Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (NCPAP), conventional NCPAP, and nasal cannulae. Compared to constant‐flow NCPAP and nasal cannulae, the variable‐flow NCPAP increases tidal volume and improves thoraco‐abdominal synchrony, suggesting that variable‐flow NCPAP provides more effective ventilatory support than conventional NCPAP or nasal cannulae.

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