Influence of film coefficient during multicomponent diffusion – KCl/NaCl in biosolid for static and agitated system using 3D computational simulation


Food Sci. Technol




Abstract The influence of film coefficient formed during the diffusion of inorganic salts (NaCl and KCl) in biosolids was studied using a 3D computer modeling by Finite Elements Method (FEM) in COMSOL Multiphysics® software combined with SOM-type Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). Such tools have shown that the influence of the film formed in the biosolid/solution interface occurs in a heterogeneous manner and is due to the matrix geometry, the type of system (agitated or static) and the ion size (Na+ or K+). The influence of film coefficient was more pronounced for K+ ion, and for a static system. Comparing the geometry of biosolids, ion diffusion was more pronounced in the (Y±) axis in relation to other axes, X (±) and Z (±), as well as in between the poles (±) of this axis. FEM simulation associated with SOM-type ANN were efficient tools to evaluate this complex and unknown biophysical phenomenon.

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