Infiltração marginal em restaurações classe V de resina composta: influência da base e da técnica de fotoativação / Marginal leakage in class V resin composite restorations: influence of the liner and the curing technique




The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of different glass ionomer cement liners and curing techniques on the microleakage of resin composite restorations. Class V root cavities were prepared in the buccal surfaces of 120 bovine incisors. The specimens were divided into twelve groups of ten each, according to the liner and to the curing technique employed. Group 1- Single Bond + Z100; group 2- RMGIC (Vitrebond) + Single Bond + Z100; group 3- conventional GIC (Ketac Bond) + Single Bond + Z100, which were light cured by conventional technique; the other groups were restored similar to groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively; although, they were light cured by ramp technique (groups 4, 5, 6); pulse technique (groups 7, 8, 9) and high intensity (10, 11, 12). The thickness of the liner was 0.5mm and the resin composite was inserted in one increment. The four curing techniques were applied with different light intensities as follows: 450mW/cm2/ 40s (conventional), 100 - 800mW/cm2 /15s + 800mW/cm2/ 25s (ramp); 200mW/cm2/ 3s + 3 minutes delay + 600mW/cm2/ 30s (pulse); 1600mW/cm2/ 3s (high intensity). After 7 days, the teeth were thermocycled (500 cycles at 5oC - 55oC with a dwell time of 60 seconds) and immersed in aqueous solution of 0.5% basic fuchsin for 4h. Then, they were sectioned and the dye penetration was measured in millimeters by means of a computer program (Image Tool). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey test. There were no significant differences among conventional, ramp and pulse techniques. The high intensity technique showed significant dye penetration when compared with others curing techniques. There were no significant differences in marginal leakage between the liners (conventional GIC and resin modified GIC), but the microleakage was significantly higher in the groups restored with no liner. No relationship between filling techniques and light curing methods was observed. It can be concluded that sandwich restorations were efficient in microleakage prevention, while the high intensity curing technique may lead to the highest dye penetration values in dentin cavities restored with resin composites.


infiltração dentária restauração com material estético

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