Increasing costs from bladder cancer in the Brazilian Health System: the role of establishing public health policies


Int. braz j urol.




ABSTRACT Purpose: To report a case of successful removal of right staghorn renal calculi in a 3-year-old girl with Arnold-Chiari malformation and multiple urogenital anomalies. Case report: A 3-year-old female child with the diagnosis of Arnold-Chiari type 2 malformation was referred to our clinic due to presence of 9 kidney stones with a total volume of 10743mm3. The total of the longest diameters of all stones was calculated as 11.4cm. The patient had a urogenital septum, bifid bladder, and duplicated collecting system on the right side. An 18F Amplatz sheath was placed and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed successfully by laser and pneumatic lithotripter. Any residual urinary tract stones or urinary tract infection were not detected during the 6th-month follow-up. Conclusion: Urolithiasis requires a thorough understanding of the underlying causes, as well as an effective and minimally invasive treatment. It is important for urologists to understand the complexity of the optimal stone management in pediatric patients in order to maximize treatment efficacy and minimize morbidity. We conclude that it is essential to treat urolithiasis in a single session in children with urogenital anomalies and accompanying congenital anomalies who have past surgical history.

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