Implementation of Z-Scan technique with white light continuum generated in a photonic crystal fiber for nonlinear spectrum determination / Implementação da técnica de varredura-Z com luz branca supercontínua gerada em fibras fotônicas na determinação do espectro de não linearidades




In this dissertation, we proposed a method that combines the Z-scan technique and the white-light continuum generated by a photonic crystal fiber to characterize the nonlinear spectrum of materials. The nonlinear spectrum provides crucial information on the characteristic, the origin and the potential of the nonlinearity for devices application. In this sense, the white-light continuum allied to the Z-scan technique allows fast spectra determination in a broad spectral range. In this work, the white light was generated in a commercial photonic crystal fiber pumped by femtosecond pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser oscillator. Both the femtosecond lasers and the photonic crystal fibers are becoming more accessible. In addition, the Z-scan technique is a well-known method for nonlinearities determination due to its simplicity and precision. In this way, we merged these advantages to make a simple, compact and low-cost apparatus for studying nonlinear samples. In general, the nonlinear spectrum determination requires complex laser systems which are able to tune the wavelength. The white-light Z-scan method we developed here was used to measure the nonlinear spectrum of disperse red 13 (DR13) dye in methanol. This dye presents a well-characterized absorcive nonlinear effect (saturable absorption), being a good material not only to calibrate, but also to test our experimental setup. The experimental results confirmed the viability of the setup for characterizing samples with strong nonlinear absorption effect.


absorção saturada white-light continuum fibra fotônica photonic-crystal fiber varredura-z z-scan saturated absorption luz branca supercontínua

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