Impacto de diferentes algoritmos e geometria de depósitos minerais no planejamento de longo prazo






The main objective of mine planning is to determine ore quantity and quality distribution along a time sequence, i.e., scheduling the ore necessary to make the project technically and economic viable. These temporal sequences are fundamental for the financial success of a mine activity and presently this optimal sequence can be obtained through various mining software. Each of them has its particularities which generally are not taken into account. Changes resulting from different final pit models can have significant impact on the success of enterprise both financial and operational. Most studies in mine planning present the final pit calculated by only one algorithm chosen by the author, due to software availability or knowledge. The goal of the long-term mine planning is to define the boundaries of final pit for mine based on a profit function considering selling price discounted from mining and processing costs. Besides, technical constrains and geometrical aspects of the project, such as slope angles, bench heights, ore grade quantities and spatial distribution, looking for maximum net value are also necessary for the pit optimization task. There are many algorithms implemented in various commercial softwares for the ultimate pit calculation and one of the purposes of this work is to check the effectiveness of the algorithms that obtained greater recognition within the mineral industry and if there are differences related to the type of mineralization and deposit where they are applied. The comparison is performed using the two commercial softwares, and two different algorithms to determine if differences can be observed to different mineralization types. The implementation of the two algorithms in three-dimensional block models estimated and analyzed for three types of deposits: a massive copper orebody, a large igneous phosphate and a subvertical gold vein type.


lavra : planejamento indústria mineral algoritmos

Documentos Relacionados