Impact of Continuing Education on the Quality of Blood Pressure Measurement


Int. J. Cardiovasc. Sci.




The properties of lanthanides allow them to be used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging, thereby helping to differentiate between tissues, organs, and pathologies more efficiently. Lanthanides contain thermosensitive energy levels that aid identification of cancer and healthy cells. This work investigates the GdVO4 matrix obtained by the non-hydrolytic sol-gel methodology and doped with the lanthanide ions Er3+ and Yb3+ at a 1:1 molar ratio. The efficiency of the optical parameters was analyzed on the basis of the Er3+ green emission after excitation in the infrared region, namely 980 nm. The temperature-dependent fluorescence intensity ratio (FIR) between the thermally coupled Er3+ levels (2H11/2 and 4S3/2 → 4I15/2) was evaluated. The Er3+ emission depended on the laser power. The calculated number of photons was 2 in this case. Temperatures ranging from 298.3 to 374.5 K were assessed, and the sensitivity varied from 1.2 to 1.9% K-1, respectively. The initial temperature was estimated.

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