Identification of Frankia Strains by Two-Dimensional Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis


Fifteen Frankia strains from five different plant species were analyzed by two-dimensional polyacryl-amide gel electrophoresis to determine their relatedness by comparing the polypeptide patterns obtained. Three major subgroups (A, C, and D) were found in the Alnus-Comptonia-Myrica cross-inoculation group. An isolate from Purshia tridentata had a unique protein pattern and represents a distinct group of frankiae. Members of group A were isolated from root nodules of Alnus incana subsp. rugosa and Alnus viridis subsp. crispa. Group C organisms were from A. incana subsp. rugosa and Comptonia peregrina nodules, and group D organisms were from A. incana subsp. rugosa, A. viridis subsp. cripsa, and Myrica pensylvanica root nodules. Isolates from each gel group were obtained at several widely separated geographical locations. The results indicate that two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is useful for identifying Frankia isolates.

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