Identificação do perfil de expressão dos splicings alternativos dos genes das hialuronidases em adenocarcinoma de próstata / Study of genetic polymorphism in children: searching for susceptibility genes and haplotypes




Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a component of the extracellular matrix that hydrates and maintains the osmotic balance of tissues. HA concentration is elevated in several cancers including prostate. Hyaluronidases (HAases) are a family of enzymes related to the spread of bacterial infections, toxins of venoms and probably cancer progression. Small fragments of HA are generated by HAase Hyal1, Hyal2 and Hyal3, stimulating endothelial proliferation and activating mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. Several isoforms of HAases have been described as a product of alternative splicing, and are responsible for differences in the enzyme activity. The heterogeneity of HAses expression has been identified in tumors and could be related to the differences in their biological behavior. Fifty-five patients submitted to radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer (PC) were the subject of this study. The mean age was 66 years old and the mean follow-up was 73,7 months. Patients were divided into two groups for the analyses: 1- High Gleason score (GE) >=7 (30) and low Gleason score <=6 (25). 2- Tumor behavior; recurrence - 19 and nonrecurrence - 36. Biochemical recurrence was considered when PSA was higher than 0.2 ng/mL. The control was represented by 11 patients submitted to retropubic prostate resection for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The alternative splicing forms of HYAL were identified by PCR, and the primer sequences identified variants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 e wt of HYAL1, wt of HYAL2, wt and variants 1, 2 and 3 of HYAL3. The HYAL more frequently expressed by PC was HYAL2-wt (65.4%), HYAL1-v1 (63.3%) and HYAL3-wt (47.2%). In benign prostate tissue the main expressed HAase was HYAL3-v1 in 90.9%, being present in 36% of low Gleason score tumors and not expressed by tumors with high Gleason score (p=<0.001). For tumors that not recurred there was expression of HYAL1-v3 in 30.5% of the cases vs. 5.2% in cases that recurred (p=0.041). The same difference was noted regarding the expression of HYAL3-v2, that was expressed by 33.3% of tumors that not recurred and not expressed by tumors that recurred (p=0.002). We conclude that there is a profile of HAase related to low Gleason score and non-recurrent PC that is characterized by expression of HYAL1-v3, HYAL3-v1 and HYAL3-v2 that could be used in clinical practice to choose a better treatment.


hialuronoglusaminidase hyaluronan alternative splicing hyaluronoglucosaminidase Ácido hialurônico prostate neoplasms processamento alternativo neoplasias da próstata

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