High resolution stratigraphy framework for carbonatic deposits of terciary of the Basin Campos / Geração de um arcabouço estratigráfico de alta resolução para depósitos carbonáticos terciários da Bacia de Campos




The Siri Member is of great importance due to the heavy oil content that is present on the carbonate platform developed during the Tertiary. Considering this importance, we conducted a study with the objective of generating a high resolution stratigraphic framework, on 3rd order sequences, using the interpretation of two seismic sections and the analysis of five well logs. The proposed framework allowed for the development of a depositional model that helped on the understanding of the evolution of the carbonate production of the Tertiary on the external platform of the Campos Basin. The analysis of the wells was conducted at first. After that, the interpretation of the seismic sections was carried out simultaneously with the correlation and projection of three of the five wells studied on the seismic data. On this fase of the analysis three 3rd order stratigraphic sequences were defined (sequences I, II and III) based on gamma ray well log response. This permitted a detailed stratigraphic analysis of each sequence in 4th order cycles, and helped on the identification and definition of the system tracts in each stratigraphic unit. It is important to note that no lowstand system tracts were identified on the studied interval. The generation of isopach maps and the interpretation of the seismic sections allowed for the definition of the external geometry and the identification of the seismic facies of each sequence. It was possible to identify several areas of the platform in each stratigraphic unit: 1) The leeward area, characterized by parallel to sub-parallel reflectors, which suggest the presence of lagoon facies, with entrance of siliciclastic material on sequences I and II; 2) The margin bank (leeward and windward), characterized by a higher carbonate production during the highstand system tract are present at the top of sequences I and II; 3) The basin area characterized by progradational geometry. The sequence III constitutes the last pulse of the carbonate production, and is characterized by a relative increase on the entrance of siliciclastic material coming from the continent. The stratigraphic analysis based on the wells and the seismic sections was correlated with the geochemical analysis conducted by Albertão et al. (2005) for the studied interval (Siri Member). Great concordance was observed between the peaks and variations of the percentages of the elements presented on the geochemical analysis defined by the mentioned authors and the sequence limits identified on this study. The proposed model suggests the development of a mixed isolated platform (siliciclastic-carbonatic) generated over structural horst remaining from the rift fase, resulting from the beginning of the break up of South America and Africa. The detailed and regional interpretation of the seismic sections also allowed to infer a process of tectonic reactivation during the installation of the carbonate platform. This process would have given the asymmetric character to the platform, and would have facilitated local process of simultaneous differential subsidence with the production of carbonate sediment.


estratigrafia de alta resolução depositional model siri member campos basin membro siri modelo deposicional seismic stratigraphy carbonatic rocks high resolution stratigraphy estratigrafia estratigrafia sísmica bacia de campos rochas carbonáticas

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