Hepatitis B and C in a Brazilian deaf community
Pacher, Bianca Messenberg, Costa, Marina Ribeiro Barreto da, Nascimento, Margarida Maria Passeri do, Moura, Maria Cecilia de, Passos, Afonso Dinis Costa
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION:Although deaf people are exposed to hepatitis B and C risk factors, epidemiological studies regarding these diseases in deaf people are lacking.METHODS:After watching an explanatory digital versatile disc (DVD) in Brazilian Sign Language, 88 deaf people were interviewed and tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc), and hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV).RESULTS:The prevalence of hepatitis B markers was 8%; they were associated with incarceration and being born outside the State of São Paulo. No cases of hepatitis C were identified.CONCLUSIONS:Participants showed a substantial lack of knowledge regarding viral hepatitis, indicating a need for public policies that consider linguistic and cultural profiles.
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