Gerenciamento de resíduos sólidos nas pequenas e médias empresas de Itabirito/MG




The solid waste management is a set of operational, financial and planning normative actions which have as objective to define segregation, gathering, package, storage, transport, minimization, reuse, recycling, treatment and final disposal of the materials discarded by industries. However, in most cases, industries consider the management of these materials as being a secondary activity. Therefore, this paper initially intended to investigate how small and medium scale industries established in Itabirito/MG manage these residues. The search applied to these industries showed that they do not have an appropriate waste management planning, expected to control the negative impacts due to their manufacturing. These industries still believe that the reduced amount of waste they produce does not harm the environment, in other words they underestimate the dimension of the environmental impacts related to their own activities, and do not consider that these actions make part of a bigger and more significant harm to the environment. The study concerned to identify a local industry intending to develop a waste management approach, emphasizing the Cleaner Production (CP) methodology, which intends to stimulate and support the practice toward sustainable development and reduction of waste generation at the source. As the sequence of tasks developed at this work, solid waste management activities and all the steps of the CP methodology introduction have been described, with the focus on a medium sized local textile industry. At this stage, the work has identified varied possibilities for the application of CP by textile industries. Through the technical, environmental and economical viability analysis, this work allowed the selection of viable options to be introduced at the selected industry. After the viability evaluation of the proposed actions, it was possible to verify that the implementation of CP opportunities at small and medium scale industries of Itabirito/MG can be considered a good environmental management instrument. However, due to these industries production capacity and to the amount and kind of solid waste generated, some CP actions become unviable. Therefore, the adoption of opportunities for CP to be introduced in such industries will be mainly related to low cost and/or easy return actions. Thats the reason why good industrial practices are always interesting options which industries must consider when eco-efficiency is their objectives. The obtained results showed that the proper management of solid waste and the introduction of CP opportunities work as encouragement in the search for proactive environmental actions and that they result as technological and economical benefits.


pequenas e médias empresas resíduos sólidos indústria têxtil - itabirito (mg) engenharias

Documentos Relacionados