Genealogy, distribution and history of NADH4 haplotypes in Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) populations from Brazil. / Genealogia, distribuição e história de haplótipos do gene mitocondrial NADH 4 em populações do Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) no Brasil




Knowledge about intrapopulacional variation of biological vectors is critical for understanding the dynamics of the transmission of an infectious agent. The major objective of the present study is to characterize the variability of a gene fragment, which codes for the subunit 4 of the mitochondrial gene of the Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Dehydrogenase - NADH4 among Aedes aegypti populations from Brazil comparing with that of several other countries. Single nucleotide polymorphism was detected employing genomic sequencing techniques. Nucleotide sequences were analyzed using molecular variance (AMOVA), nested clade (NCA) and mismatch distribution methods. Additionally, evolutionary relationships among haplotypes were estimated employing maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood criterions. The results show that the fragment of the mitochondrial gene (NADH4) is polymorphic, and that the populations of Ae. aegypti from Brazil are grouped into two genetically distinct, monophyletic clades Historical inferences support the hypothesis that one clade includes sequences from individuals that may be introduced in the Americas in the 17th and 18th centuries during the slave trade from Africa to America. The second clade consists of sequences of individuals that may be introduced in Brazil more recent, probably from Asian populations. Epidemiological consequences because of the genetic variability among populations of Ae. aegypti in Brazil are discussed.


aedes aegypti nd4 nd4 aedes aegypti nucleotide divergence

Documentos Relacionados