Futsal improve body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in overweight and obese children. A pilot study
Santos-Silva, Paulo Roberto, Greve, Júlia Maria D´Andrea, Novillo, Hector Norman Espada, Haddad, Sandra, Santos, Claudia Renata Pinto, Leme, Renata Barco, Franco, Ruth Rocha, Cominato, Louise, Araújo, Alessandra Teixeira Miranda, Santos, Fernando Miranda, Damiani, Durval, Rica, Roberta Luksevicius, Bocalini, Danilo Sales
Motriz: rev. educ. fis.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
Abstract Aims: The aim of this study was to verify body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and biochemical markers of prepubertal overweight and obese boys to a 16-week futsal training program. Methods: Sixteen boys (age: 7-10 y, body mass index>thanat 95th percentileaccording to Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 35.5±7.4 percent fat) participated to futsal training program. The assessment of body composition was estimated using skinfold thickness, and the following variables were evaluated: total body mass, body mass index, body fat percentage, and lean body mass. Aerobic fitness measurementwas performed by gas exchange analysis in treadmill. In addition, an evaluation of the biochemical profile was conducted: triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, plasma concentrations of glucose, and insulin. The futsal intervention included 60-min sessions performed two times/week. The mean intensity during training was between 57 to 88% of maximal heart rate of the age-predicted. Individual portable heart rate monitor controlled training intensity. Results: Significant increases in total body mass (4%), height (3%), lean body mass (8%), and significant 6%-decrease in body fat percentage was observed. Body mass index remained unchanged. Maximal oxygen uptake was elevated (p<0.018) by 11%. Biochemical markers were not modified after intervention. No association was found between body composition and metabolic variables. The effect size of futsal training on most variables was small (<0.5). Conclusion: Controlled intensity and adherence to this 16-week futsal training program were determinant to enhance body composition, and cardiorespiratory fitness in this group of prepubertal boys.
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