Functionally Homologous Host Components Recognize Potato Virus X in Gomphrena globosa and Potato.


All known isolates of potato virus X (PVX), with the exception of a South American isolate PVXHB, induce an extreme resistance response on potato carrying the Rx gene and elicit the production of necrotic lesions on Gomphrena globosa: PVXHB establishes systemic infection on Rx genotypes of potato and infects the inoculated leaf of G. globosa without lesion formation. Previously, we have shown that the Rx-mediated resistance is affected by a feature of the coat protein that depends on the presence of a threonine residue at position 121 in the coat protein of PVXCP4 and that the resistance is an induced response expressed in protoplasts of potato with the Rx genotype. In this study, we provide evidence, based on the analysis of PVXCP4/PVXHB hybrids, that the elicitation of lesions on G. globosa also requires the presence of a threonine residue at position 121 of the viral coat protein. The lesion-forming phenotype was not associated with the ability of the viral isolate to accumulate in the infected plant. We therefore propose that there is a homologous component of both potato carrying Rx and G. globosa that interacts with a feature of the PVX coat protein and, following the interaction, activates an induced response in the plant cell.

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