Fruits of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: allying biodiversity conservation and food security
SOUZA, ROBERTA G. DE, DAN, MAURÍCIO L., DIAS-GUIMARÃES, MARISTELA A., GUIMARÃES, LORENA A.O.P., BRAGA, JOÃO MARCELO A.
An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
Abstract Supplying food to growing human populations without depleting natural resources is a challenge for modern human societies. Considering this, the present study has addressed the use of native arboreal species as sources of food for rural populations in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. The aim was to reveal species composition of edible plants, as well as to evaluate the practices used to manage and conserve them. Ethnobotanical indices show the importance of many native trees as local sources of fruits while highlighting the preponderance of the Myrtaceae family. Conservation analysis allowed to identify Campomanesia hirsuta Gardner and Plinia edulis (Vell.) Sobral as being of high Biological Value and Conservation Priority. In spite of that, the local management practices of native fruits appear to be sustainable and contribute to the maintenance and dissemination of valuable species. These results suggest a number of recommended future conservation actions and show the potential of Myrtaceae species for future agronomical development in Neotropical regions.
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