Frailty-associated factors among Brazilian community-dwelling elderly people: longitudinal study
Pegorari, Maycon Sousa
Sao Paulo Med. J.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Frailty among elderly people is associated with negative health outcomes. Through gaining better understanding of this syndrome over different time periods, healthcare actions that take predictive factors into consideration may be facilitated. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with frailty syndrome among community-dwelling elderly people over a two-year follow-up. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study on elderly people living in Uberaba (MG), Brazil. Methods: Elderly individuals were selected through multiple-stage conglomerate sampling from a national database. Participants were interviewed and evaluated in 2014 and again in 2016. Predictors were considered at the baseline, and frailty categories (frail, pre-frail or non-frail) at the follow-up. Frailty was identified based on the Fried criteria. Associations with socioeconomic factors, health status and physical performance were investigated using multinomial logistic regression. RESULTS: 353 individuals participated in both assessments. The final model showed that age over 80 years was predictive of both pre-frailty and frailty (odds ratio, OR 4.92; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.57-15.38; OR 8.64; 95% CI: 2.05-36.35, respectively), while dependency regarding basic activities of daily living (OR 3.66; 95% CI: 1.22-11.02) and poor lower-limb physical performance (OR 7.87; 95% CI: 1.97-31.39) predicted frailty. A one-unit increased score for advanced activities of daily living decreased the frailty rate by 15% (OR 0.85; 95% CI: 0.74-0.99). CONCLUSION: Age over 80 years was predictive of pre-frailty and frailty, while dependency in basic activities of daily living and poor physical performance predicted frailty. A one-unit increased score for advanced activities of daily living decreased the frailty rate by 15%.
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