Fenologia e sucesso reprodutivo de seis espécies de palmeiras nativas do cerrado Sensu Stricto




Palms are mainly found in the tropics and subtropics with approximately 3,000 species in 190 to 240 genera. In the Federal District (DF) of Brazil, there are 14 native species, distributed in 8 genera. Many communities of tropical plants show a seasonal pattern in reproductive and vegetative phenology at both the community level as well as for individuals. Despite the ecological and economic importance of palms, the biology of many species is still unknown. Studies on phenology of tropical species has emerged as an important focus for ecological research not only due to its relevance to the structure and operation of systems, but mainly because of its potential with regard to critical issues of global modeling, monitoring and climate change. The objective of this study was to accompany components of sexual reproduction and reproductive success of six palms species native to the cerrado sensu stricto of the Fazenda Água Limpa (FAL) in Brasília, DF. The species were Allagoptera campestris, A. leucocalyx, Butia archeri, Syagrus comosa, S. flexuosa and S. petraea, examining in particular the effect of predation of fruits on the reproductive success. Visits were made fortnightly from October 2007 to September 2008 to monitor the reproductive phenological status of 30 potentially reproductive individuals of each species. Each inflorescence produced was marked and classified as closed, open, pistilate, flowers, fruit - young and developed. Although these species are in the same group of non-spinal cocosoids they had different pattern of phenophases. The peak and reproductive success of individuals as well as peak and number of inflorescences produced showed no relationship to the species with stipe height. Butia archeri and S. flexuosa showed a positive correlation between the number of female flowers and the number of fruits initiated. There was no correlation between the number of female flowers and reproductive success in species B. archeri, S. flexuosa and S. petraea. There was a temporal pattern in the production and ripening of fruits for some of the species


sucesso reprodutivo native palms cerrado sensu stricto reproductive phenology fenologia reprodutiva palmeiras nativas ecologia reproductive success cerrado sensu stricto

Documentos Relacionados