Fatal bothropic snakebite in a horse: a case report
Silva, NS, Silveira, JAS, Albernaz, TT, Campos, KF, Oliveira, CMC, Freitas, NFQR, Bomjardim, HA, Barbosa, JD
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The present study reports a snakebite in a horse in the state of Pará, Brazil. At initial evaluation the animal was reluctant to walk and had tachycardia, tachypnea, severe lameness, bleeding on the pastern and swelling around the left hind leg. Blood samples from the bleeding sites, took on the first day, showed leukocytosis and neutrophilia, whereas biochemical values of urea and creatinine were significantly increased. The chosen treatment was snake antivenom, fluid therapy, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents and diuretic drugs. On the fourth day of therapy, the hematological values were within normal parameters. There was improvement related to the clinical lameness and swelling of the limb. However, a decrease in water intake and oliguria were observed. On the seventh day the animal died. Necropsy revealed areas of hemorrhagic edema in the left hind limb and ventral abdomen; the kidneys presented equimosis in the capsule, and when cut they were wet. Moreover, the cortex was pale, slightly yellow and the medullary striae had the same aspect. Based on these data, we concluded that the snakebite in the present study was caused by Bothrops spp. and that renal failure contributed to death.
- Tissue necrosis after canine bothropic envenoming: a case report
- Fatal neonatal nemaline myopathy: a case report.
- Renal failure and neonatal death following snakebite during pregnancy: a case report
- Phenoxymethyl penicillin in the horse: an alternative to parenteral administration of penicillin.
- Anatomy of the Horse: An Illustrated Text, 3rd ed.