Família e pobreza segundo a "perspectiva das capacidades" : uma análise dos dados da PNAD e da PCV 2006 / Family and poverty according to the "capabilities approach" : an analysis of 2006 PNAD and PCV data


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This dissertation is connected to the empirical studies about families and poverty and has as general purpose to conduct a multidimensional analysis of poverty according to the "capabilities approach". It is argued that poverty involves a set of capabilities deprivation experienced in a family and household context. From the data of the National Survey by Household Sampling (PNAD) and from the Research on Living Conditions (PCV), one can observe the existence of interdependence between household organization and capabilities deprivations, with the household arrangement constituting the unit of analysis. In a specific perspective, the concepts of family and household as well as the methodological possibilities of usage of the information from PNAD and PCV for an analysis of poverty according to the "capabilities approach" are discussed. Thus, a methodological comparison of the sampling plans, of the questionnaires of these household surveys and of the effects of different forms of operationalization of the concepts of family and household on the estimate of household arrangements are developed. The results of the analysis of poverty for the Brazilian Federal State of São Paulo in 2006 exhibit the existence of capabilities deprivations associated to certain forms of household arrangements organization, in both surveys. One can confirm the overrepresentation of arrangements with children and adolescents, young individuals and people with special needs among the poor household arrangements. Income inequality, the limited female participation in the job market associated with gender inequality, a high level of individuals with incomplete elementary education, the restricted access to public institutions of childhood education, the shortage of social equipment near the poor households and the lack of legal guarantee of household possession constitute important components of poverty. However, there is a limited presence of the State along the poor communities in terms of access to the social security network and of the social opportunities related to services and equipment of education, health, sports, culture and entertainment.


família pobreza domicilios pesquisa nacional por amostra de domicilios family poverty households national survey by household sampling

Documentos Relacionados