Exposure to particulate matter 2.5 mM collected at high traffic routes in Rio de Janeiro city: evaluation mutagenic, genotoxic and determination of health risks induced by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons / Exposição ao material particulado 2,5 m coletado em vias de alto tráfego da cidade do Rio de Janeiro: avaliação mutagênica, genotóxica e determinação de risco à saúde induzido por hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




The mutagenicity of airborne particles from combustion is attributed primarily to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We investigated the mutagenic activity of particulate matter (PM2.5) samples collected from three sites in Rio de Janeiro. Samples were collected using a high-volume sampler at Avenida Brasil, the campus of the Rio de Janeiro State University, and Rebouças tunnel. Half of each filter was submitted to sequential extraction by sonication with dichloromethane. Six PAHs were quantified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and the derivative strains TA98/1.8-DNP6, YG1021 and YG1024 used in mutagenicity assays were treated (10-50 g/plate) with and without exogenous metabolization. Onion root cells were treated with organic extracts concentrations (5-25g/mL). The high humidity detected in the Rebouças Tunnel may have influenced the deposition of five of the six PAHs studied in particulate matter. Moreover, in different traffic conditions can put the bus drivers that cross the Brasil Avenue and Rebouças tunnel at the risk of exposure induced by HPA in the order of 10-6. Independently of exogenous metabolization, mutagenicity was detected for strains YG1021 and YG1024 at all the sites, suggesting the presence of nitro and amino derivatives of PAHs. Rebouças tunnel presented the highest values for rev/g and rev/m3. These could be related to the fact that this long, enclosed passageway and restricts ventilation. Cytotoxic effect was detected by the Allium cepa test in the three monitoring sites. Also organic extracts from Brazil Avenue, UERJ and Rebouças Tunnel showed clastogenic effect in Allium cepa roots


hpa allium cepa pahs allium cepa test material particulado respirável avaliação de risco salmonella/microsoma mutagenicidade mutagenicity hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos medição de risco mutagenese respirable particulate matter risk assessment salmonella/microsome assay salmonella typhimurium

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