Evaluation of the water quality Index (WQI) and chemical elements in the water and in the sediments of Corumbataí river-SP / Avaliação do índice de qualidade da água (IQA) e dos elementos químicos nas águas e nos sedimentos do rio Corumbataí-SP
Milena Aímola Falqueto
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The Corumbataí River, main tributary of the Piracicaba river and source of water supply to the city of Piracicaba has been suffering degradation from its waterhead in the city of Analândia to its mouth in the Piracicaba river. In 2005 and 2006 were determined the concentration of the elements, Be, Al, Na, Mg, Ca, K, V, Mn, Fe, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Ag, Cd, Sb, Ba, Hg, Pb, Th, Tl, U by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), as well as physicochemical and microbiological proprieties, in the water and sediments of the Corumbataí River. The collections were carried out in September and December of 2005 and March, June and September of 2006. In the water, the elements in the dissolved fraction were determined by filtering the sample in field and preserving themselves with HNO3, and in the total fraction, by using the method of open extration using HNO3 and HCl. In the sediment, the elements were determined in the exchangeable fraction, by agitating for 12 hours in HCl 1 mol L-1 and in the total fraction, with the extration in microwave. In the samples of water, the water quality Index (WQI) was calculated, and the results showed a reduction in the quality throughout the years, mainly in the points located in the region downstream regions of Rio Claro, (RJ), and Piracicaba, (PI). The Total Phosphorus, Turbidity, pH, Dissolved Oxygen, Chlorophyill-a, Escherichia Coli, BOD and the dissolved metals Al and Fe, and total Hg, Mn, Cd presented concentrations above Conama 357/2005 for rivers class 2 in several points and periods of collection, along the river. In the sediment, the Cr, Ni, Cu, As, Cd, Hg, Pb did not present values above the recommended ones by Companhia de Tecnologia de Saneamento - CETESB as responsible for toxic effect. Reference values for the the other metals are not indicated in the Brazilian legislation. The elements that presented bigger exchangeable fraction than 50% in all the collection points were: Na, Ca, Mn, Tl, Co, Cu, Be, Pb. The multivaried statistical analysis of main components and the Hierarchical Cluster Analysis indicated RJ and PI points, as the most damaged and showed that the WQI is a good indicative of quality along the hydrographic basin.
corumbataí river sedimentologia. multivariate statistical analysis. sediment espectrometria de massas metais wqi water Água - qualidade bacia hidrográfica - rio corumbataí icp-ms análise multivariada metals
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