Evaluation of the use of silica-alumina refractory waste as a supplementary cementitious material






Abstract The use of supplementary cementitious materials (SMCs) is one of the three essential factors for the sustainability of the cement industry. To reduce CO2 emissions, several studies have introduced new methods for the utilization of industrial wastes such as the addition into cementitious materials. The objectives of this study were to chemically and physically characterize refractory ceramic industry waste and determine its viability as an SMC. The pozzolanic characteristics or SMC characteristics of the refractory waste were investigated using standard tests. The results revealed that the refractory waste was mainly composed of Al2O3 and SiO2. The mineralogical analysis revealed that the mullite was the major phase of the waste, followed by small amounts of cristobalite and quartz phases. The results of the modified Chapelle test and pozzolanic activity index with lime after 7 days indicated that the waste did not meet the minimum pozzolanicity required by the standard. However, the waste improved the mechanical resistance of the cement specimens containing the waste after 28 days compared with the reference sample, indicating the promising potential of the material for this application. This result indicated that the refractory waste shows a filler type effect, and thus, can be employed as an SCM.

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