Evaluation of the content of Maillard reaction products (MRPs) in breakfast cereals and coffee / Avaliação do teor de produtos da reação de Maillard (PRM) em cereais matinais e café




INTRODUCTION Maillard reaction products and lipid peroxidation, such as dicarbonyl compounds easily react with amino groups of proteins and nucleic acids leading to biological changes that can result in complications in diseases such as diabetes, atherosclerosis and neurodegenerative. The consumption of Maillard Reaction Products (MRP) has increased in recent decades and there is evidence that these substances are absorbed and can participate in pathological processes, although there is no consensus about the possible harmful health effects from their intake. We highlight the need to identify the consumption of MRP, mainly in vulnerable populations like children and diabetics, in order to establish acceptable daily intakes and guidelines for the food industry. OBJECTIVES: a) validate the methodology to measure indicators of the Maillard reaction: hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), Furosine (RUF) carboxymethylysine (CML) and fluorescent intermediate compounds (FIC) in breakfast cereals (corn flakes and granola) and coffee, b) to evaluate if there are differences in the levels of these compounds contents among brands commercialized in São Paulo METHODS: two lots of 3 brands of flakes cereal, 3 brands of granola and 5 coffee brands present in 100 per cent of supermarkets visited in the city Sao Paulo were analyzed. HPLC methodology validation was assessed by determining accuracy (recovery), repeatability, and sensibility (linearity, limits of detection and quantitation) for the compounds: HMF and FUR. The contents of the Fluorescent Intermediary compounds (FIC) was measured by spectrophotometric method and the levels of CML by ELISA. RESULTS: Calibration curves determination coefficient (r 2) were higher than 0,99 for all compounds. Recovery ranged from 84 to 110 per cent and repeatability average was 3,5 per cent. The average content of free and total FIC was higher for coffee 232CIF/mg and 765CIF/mg respectively. The brands of granola and flakes was similar but just brands F1 and F2 was similar between brands (p<0,05). For HMF the higher values were for granola 67,5mg/kg. The presence of dried fruit in these grains may 11 have contributed significantly to the higher rate of this indicator. For indicator FUR average was higher in granola samples (301mg/100g of protein) and it was not possible to quantify the levels of FUR for coffee. All brands analyzed for HMF and FUR was similar (p<0,05). CML average was higher for coffee (1823,5ng/mg of protein). The brands analyzed was similar for all samples (p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Flakes contribute to higher intake of MRPs from early stage of the Maillard reaction (MR), the granola contributes to higher intake of MRPs from intermediate phase of MR and coffee contributes significantly to higher intake of final MRPs. Data suggest that coffee has more severe thermal treatment causing a higher concentration of MRPs from the final phase of the MR


glycation análise de alimentos food analysis maillard reaction products glicação produtos da reação de maillard

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