Evaluation of dental enamel before and after fixing and removal of orthodontic brackets ortodônticos / Avaliação do esmalte dentário antes e após a colagem e descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos




The objective of this study was to evaluate the quantity of residual resin after removal of brackets and the loss and//or wear-and-tear of enamel occurring during the phases of fixing, detaching and removal of remnant resin in the bracket area and its adjacent. The sample was made up of 150 premolars, divided into two groups in accordance with the type of bracket material used: metal (n=75) and ceramic (n=75), in the two initial phases of study, fixing and removal. Fixing procedures were carried out in accordance with the International Organization for Standardization, (2003), and removal according to orientation advocated by the manufacturer. In the removal of remnant resin phase five groups were considered, all in agreement with the finishing/polishing protocol and prescription of the respective manufacturers: FF diamantada + Soflex; Pedra Shofu; Dentaurum Carbide; Komet Carbide and Jet Carbide, and with the aid of telescopic magnifying glass of three-fold magnification Qualitative evaluation (ARIm and ESI) was done by means of digital photographs(stereoscopic magnifying glass Olympus SZ61). Quantitative evaluation was conducted using the coordinate medication method - Coordinate Measuring Machines (Mitutoyo), mod. Legex CNC 9106 - line profile. Possible differences between finishing/polishing protocols were evaluated via variance analysis (ANOVA), and by Tukey Multiple Comparison test. Median quantities of residual resin found in the region below the base of the bracket, following finishing/polishing were: Diamantada FF + Soflex (10,4 m ±10,5), Pedra Shofu (18,5m ± 12,1), Dentaurum Carbide (11,2 m ± 11,9), Komet Carbide (9,5 m ± 10,8) and Jet Carbide (22,8 m ± 24,0). In this way, it was confirmed that finishing/polishing protocols, in general, left the major part of residual resin below the adjacent area than in the bracket area, with the exception of Komet Carbide protocol, displaying similar performance in both areas Median quantities of loss and/or wearand- tear of enamel in the bracket area were: Diamantada FF + Soflex (-134,9 m ± 56,4), Pedra Shofu ( 39,2 m ± 12,8), Dentaurum Carbide ( 70,5 m ± 27,9), Komet Carbide (-44,8 m ± 14,3) and Jet Carbide ( 68,2 m ± 35,7) in bracket area, while in adjacent area: Diamantada FF + Soflex (-124,7 m ± 133,1), Pedra Shofu (- 37,9 m ± 25,1), Dentaurum Carbide (- 60,1 m ±32,4), Komet Carbide (-36,6 m ± 19,5) and (Jet Carbide 65,4 m ± 65,0) (Table 5.9) Standing out in both areas of evaluation, protocol (Diamantada FF + Soflex) was responsible for the major quantity of loss and /or wear and tear, differentiating itself from the other protocols by significant statistics. Based on these results, we can conclude that the finishing/polishing protocols evaluated, displayed excellent performance in the removal of remnant resin, although none have totally been capable of removing fixing material, and all damaged the enamel, with Komet protocol being the most differentiated.


ortodontia orthodontics braquetes ortodônticos debonding orthodontic brackets

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