Evaluation of cold tolerant and cold susceptible rice inbred lines (Oryza sativa L.) in partial diallel crosses / Avaliação de linhagens de arroz (Oryza sativaL.) suscetíveis e tolerantes a baixas temperaturas em cruzamentos dialélicos parciais




The development of high yielding and cold tolerant rice cultivars for the temperate region of Latin America is one of the most important challenges for the local agriculture. The objective of the present work was to estimate the genetic and phenotypic parameters related to the control of cold tolerance and agronomic traits, in order to obtain a better understanding of the genetic control of these traits for breeding purposes. The genetic material comprised two sets of rice lines: Group 1 composed by six cold susceptible lines and Group 2 composed by seven cold tolerant lines. The two groups were crossed according a partial diallel design (MIRANDA FILHO; GERALDI, 1984) giving rise to 42 hybrid combinations. The 55 entries (42 crosses plus 13 parents) were evaluated in 2005 under field conditions, at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIAT, in a randomized complete block design with four replicates, in two planting dates; plots were single-rows with 17 plants. The same entries were evaluated for cold tolerance in growth chambers, in three experiments, using soil as substrate, temperature of 16 °C and 12 °C during the day and night, respectively, and photoperiod of 12 hours using artificial lights. The experimental design was the same with three replications per experiment; and plots were single-rows with 20 seeds. General results revealed the presence of heterosis for the agronomic traits (plant height, tiller number, days to flowering, panicle length, grains by panicle, sterility and one-thousand grain weight) as well as for cold tolerance traits (emergence index and dry matter production), with different contributions of the parents to the mean heterosis effect. The direction of the dominance was negative for days to flowering and positive for all others traits. General combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) were important for all traits; however, the GCA was more important than SCA. Both groups showed the presence of favorable alleles for agronomic and cold tolerance traits. Several lines such as Irga 417 and FL03188 from the Group 1, FL04423, FL04402, and FL04452 from the Group 2, presented lower sterility in the inter-group crosses. The tolerant lines, CT6748, Quilla 173201 and Quilla 145601 were considered the best parents to be used as cold tolerant donors in rice breeding programs.


combining ability partial diallel cruzamentos dialélicos heterose arroz heterosis cold tolerance rice melhoramento genético vegetal baixa temperatura - tolerância controle genético linhagens vegetais

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