Evaluation of bacterial population in a dairy processing line of minas frescal cheese / Evolução da população bacteriana na linha de produção do queijo minas frescal em uma indústria de laticínios
Milena Olivieri Lisita
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The evaluation of aerobic mesophilic, of total and fecal coliforms and Staphylococcus positive coagulase microorganisms population in a dairy processing line of "Minas frescal" cheese submitted to inspection of Federal Service was studied. Three processing steps were analysed individually: the pasteurisation through samples of raw and pasteurised milk; the coagulation through samples of pasteurised milk, cut and drained curd; and the salting through samples of cheeses before and after salting and brine itself. The aerobic psichrotrophic microorganims count was made because salting was carried out under refrigeration. After, all the samples of a same allotment were collected. In one year 11 collections were taken and analysed. The results showed that the pasteurisation, the unique control critical point in the process, was not able to ensure the microbial quality of milk in agreement to the microbial standards, due to the bad quality of the raw milk. On curding the aerobic mesophilic population had an average growth of 1.70 cycles log and the fecal coliforms had an average growth of >3.0 cycles log. On salting the aerobic mesophilic microorganisms had an average growth of 0.73 cycles log as well the aerobic psichrotrophic population had an average growth of 0.37 cycles log. In the processing line, had an average growth of 11.77 cycles log on the population of total coliforms and >9.68 cycles log on the population of fecal coliforms from pasteurised milk until the cheese after salting. An expressive increase of the number of Staphylococcus positive coagulase was not detected. The results indicated that the manufactured "Minas frescal" cheese was improper for consumption even before packing because the high counting of total and fecal coliforms, being harmful to consumers and the processing was responsible for the high contamination, being a potential public health problem.
staphylococcus cheese indústria de laticínio food microbiology food processing public health dairy food contamination processamento de alimentos staphylococcus queijo microbiologia de alimentos pasteurização saúde pública contaminação de alimentos pasteurisation
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