Estudo demografico e clinico-patologico retrospetivo de tumores odontogenicos de uma casuistica da cidade do Rio de Janeiro / A retrospective study on demographical and clinicopathological presentation of odontogenic turmors in Rio de Janeiro




The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative frequency and demographical, clinical, radiological and pathological features of a series of odontogenic tumors (OT) from the files of 3 oral histopathology services and 1 general histopathology service from the city of Rio de Janeiro in the period from 1970 to 2008, after reviewing their final diagnosis according to the diagnostic criteria elaborated by the World Health Organization in 2005. A total of 568 OT was reviewed, representing 3,8% of all oral and maxillofacial biopsy samples. Mean age of the patients was 32.4 years-old, ranging from 3 to 83 years, with most cases in the 2nd and 3rd decades of life. The male-female ratio was 1:1.2 and most patients were Caucasians (57.9%). From the total, 559 OT were centrally located on maxillary bones, being 393 in the mandible (70.3%) and 147 in the maxilla (26.3%), especially in the posterior and anterior regions, respectively. Distribution of the 568 OT revealed 191 keratocystic odontogenic tumors, 174 ameloblastomas, 76 odontomas, 31 calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors, 26 odontogenic myxomas/fibromyxomas, 13 cementoblastomas, 11 odontogenic fibromas, 10 adenomatoid odontogenic tumors, 7 ameloblastic fibro-dontomas, 6 calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumors, 4 ameloblastic fibromas, 3 squamous odontogenic tumors, 3 dentinogenic ghost cell tumors and 6 odontogenic carcinomas, including 3 cases of primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinomas, 2 ameloblastic carcinomas and 1 clear cell odontogenic carcinoma. Also, 7 OT were considered non-classifiable. OT are uncommon lesions in this Brazilian population, and malignant lesions are extremely rare. The patient is more commonly female, Caucasian, between 10 and 29 years-old, and the lesions occur in the posterior mandible as a well-defined unilocular radiolucency. The relative frequency and distribution of the demographical, clinical, radiological and pathological information obtained from each histological subtype showed similarities to the revised literature from different countries, excluding the keratocystic odontogenic tumor.


mandibula odontogenic tumors classificação odontoma epidemiologia ameloblastoma ameloblastoma tumores odontogenicos mandible world health organization epidemiology odontoma classification

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