The polycrystalline ceramics study the base of SnO2 presents great interest due to the inherent properties of emiconductor, which allows the application in some types of components, such as, protective gas sensors, varistors, protects films for different refractory uses and for glasses fusion of heavy metals. The addition of ZnO to the SnO2, makes with that these ceramics get high densification when added the low concentrations. In this work it of sintering in the initial period of training was studied kinetic, of the SnO2 with addition of 0,6% and 1,2% in mol of ZnO. The used methods of study had been the considered ones for Venkatu-Johnson, Woolfrey-Bannister, Wang-Raj and Young-Cutler. With the application of these models it was determined the energy of activation and the possible operating mechanisms in the system. The samples had been gotten by means of mixture of oxides, isostatic pressing and sintering in dilatometer, under taxes of constant heating of 2,5, 5 and 10 C.min- 1 until the temperature of 1350 C to air. The techniques used to carry through the characterization of the sintered samples had been to the ones of pycnometry of helium, diffraction of rays X and electronic microscopy of sweepings. It was verified that the addition of ZnO to the SnO2 made possible the ceramics attainment with superior relative densities 90%. The values of energy of activation gotten for the SnO2 with 0,6% in mol of ZnO, for the diverse studied models are of: 500 kJ.mol-1; 555 kJ.mol-1; 540 kJ.mol-1; 491 kJ.mol-1, respectively. For the SnO2 with 1,2% in mol of ZnO, the values of activation energy supplied by the models had been of: 444 kJ.mol-1; 555 kJ.mol-1; 424 kJ.mol-1; 491 kJ.mol-1, respectively. The results for the dominant mechanism of the sintering gotten from the used models did not allow to determine precisions from the operating diffusional mechanism in the studied compositions.


cerâmicas policristalinas engenharia de materiais e metalurgica polycrystalline ceramics

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