Estudo da atividade fotocatalítica de nanotubos de TiO2 dopados com nitrogênio


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This work presents the study of the catalytic performance of nanostructured titanium oxide, TiO2, doped with nitrogen in order to improve its photocatalytic activity under visible light. TiO2 nanotubes were prepared by hydrothermal method, where TiO2 particles react with NaOH at high temperature and pressure. Then the material was handled through an acid wash and calcination, in order to produce desirable characteristics for the photocatalyst applications. The best conditions for titania nanotubes preparation were determined by varying the pH of the wash water and calcination temperature. Established these conditions, the research focused on obtaining among three nitrogen doping the one that provided best performance of nanotubes. They were: ammonium hydroxide, urea and thiourea. The degradation reaction of rhodamine B dye was used to evaluate the photocatalytic activity of catalyst. The experiments were performed in a stirred batch reactor, with the catalyst in suspension and in the presence of aeration, in the presence of UV and visible radiations. Initially the reaction conditions, such as catalyst and dye concentrations, were determined with the commercial catalyst and Ti precursor, P25 Degussa. In addition to determining the photocatalytic activity, the material characterization was made by X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffusive reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and determination of specific area and pore volume by N2 absorption isotherms. The photocatalytic tests showed that the acid washed and calcination had a strong influence on its photocatalytic activity. No synthesized catalyst presented a larger photodegradation activity under UV light than P25. Under visible light, the samples doped with thiourea (NTT-4-500/TiouréiaI), and ammonia (NTT-7-600/NH3I) showed the best results with an increase in the photodegradation activity of 16 and 30% compared to the undoped samples, respectively.


tratamento de efluentes titania nanotubes nitrogen-doped dióxido de titânio photocatalysis fotocatálise nanotubos

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