Estudo clínico, radiográfico e microscópico dos efeitos do formocresol de Buckley diluído a 1/5, hidróxido de cálcio PA e agregado trióxido mineral (MTA) em pulpotomias de dentes decíduos humanos / Clinical, radiographic and microscopic study on 1:5 dilution of Buckleys formocresol, calcium hydroxide and trioxide mineral agregate a used for pulpotomies of human primary teeth




The aim of this study was to compare the clinical, radiographic and microscopic effectiveness of formocresol (FC), calcium hydroxide (CH) and trioxide mineral aggregate (MTA) as pulp dressing agents in carious primary teeth. Forty-five primary mandibular molars of 23 children between 5 and 9 years old were treated by conventional pulpotomy technique. The teeth were randomly assigned to the experimental (CH and MTA) or control (FC) groups. After coronal pulp removal and hemostasis, remaining pulp tissue was covered with a MTA paste or CH powder in the experimental groups. In the control group, diluted FC was placed over the pulp tissue with a cotton pellet for 5 minutes and removed; the pulp tissue was covered then with zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) paste. All the teeth were restored with reinforced zinc oxide-eugenol base and resin modified glass ionomer cement. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were recorded at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30-month follow-up. During the assessments, the teeth in the regular exfoliation period, as well as those considered as treatment failures were extracted and further processed for microscopic analysis. Serial sections were performed in the bucco-lingual direction and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Microscopic analysis was performed as a description of the most remarkable phenomena in the remaining pulp tissue. Through clinical and radiographic results, success rates of 100%, 35.7% and 100% for FC, CH and MTA were found, respectively. Statistically significant differences were observed regarding to the presence of internal resorption, inter-radicular bone destruction, mobility and fistula for CH group (p <0.05). Microscopic analysis revealed the presence of intense inflammatory infiltrate and mineralized tissue deposition, which was irregular throughout the root canal, in the FC group. As far as MTA group, dentin-like mineralized material deposition obliterating the root canal, and central areas filled by loose conjunctive tissue with several blood vessels were noticed. CH group presented, in most of the sections, extensive necrotic areas both in pulp chamber and root canal. Other sections revealed the presence of extensive reactive dentin barrier, which obliterated the coronal opening of the root canal, and a discrete chronic inflammatory infiltrate. MTA may serve as an effective substitute of FC in primary molar pulpotomies. However, CH seems to be a technique sensitive-material and therefore not indicated for pulpotomies of primary teeth.


calcium hydroxide dente decíduo mineral trioxide aggregate hidróxido de cálcio pulpotomy primary teeth formocresol mta formocresol pulpotomia

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