ESTABLISHMENT OF QUALITY CLASSES FOR HARDWOOD FLOORINGS BY SIMULATED USE
Oliveira, Mônica Bezerra de
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
ABSTRACT Many wood species have been employed as floorings, however their performance can vary greatly according to the wood properties and the type of application. Mechanical tests can be performed for simulating the wood floorings in service, but there are no standards for sorting the materials according to their quality as flooring. In this study, the tests carried out in commercial wood species to simulate the performance as flooring and propose a standard of classes resistance. Thus, the performance as wood flooring of Bowdichia nitida Benth (Spr.), Dipteryx odorata (aubl.) Willd, Mimosa scabrella Benth and Tabebuia impetiginosa in service were investigated. These commercial woods flooring were submitted to the falling ball, rolling load, floor surface indentation from small area loads and static and dynamic friction tests. The indentations caused were measured by micrometer coupled to a computer. According to the wood flooring performance in the simulation tests three resistance classes were established: high for indentations lower than 0.005 mm in floor surface indentation from small area loads, intermediate for depressions from 0.121 to 0.300 mm in rolling load test, and low for depressions higher than 0.301 in falling ball test. These classes can be used for predicting the performance, as wood flooring, of lesser known species.
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