Espectroscopia ultrarrápida do polímero semicondutor luminescente MEH-PPV com excitação no ultravioleta / Ultrafast spectroscopy of the luminescent semiconducting polymer MEH-PPV with ultraviolet excitation


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




The optoelectronics industry is currently undergoing a transition period in which inorganic materials are being replaced by organic materials, oligomers and polymers, in the fabrication of some types of devices. However, factors such as low efficiency and low lifetime prevent polymer based devices on entering the market definitely. The solution of these issues requires a thorough knowledge of the electronic structure of these materials, but despite of scientific advances, there are still points to be clarified. For example, there is no consensus on the nature of the primary optical excitations and non-radiative processes in conjugated polymers, specially with ultraviolet excitation. Such processes limit the efficiency and can influence the photochemical processes, determining the device lifetime. These phenomena occur on a femtosecond timescale and therefore, ultrafast spectroscopy is the most appropriate technique for their study. In this work, we implemented the apparatus for pump-probe ultrafast spectroscopy on thin films of conjugated polymers, which can be used with two methods of data acquisition, phase-sensitive and shot-by-shot. The first is the standard method reported in the literature in which the excitation beam is modulated by a chopper and the signals measured by lock-in amplifiers. In the second, the detector signal conditioning is done by conventional amplifier circuits, followed shot-to-shot signal processing. This method provides the best statistics, in principle, because the laser fluctuations are normalized for each pulse, instead of using the average. In addition, the apparatus has a lower cost and the experiment is simpler, having as critical procedures the alignment of the beams on the sample and the determination of zero delay, with all other procedures done via software. The electronic circuitry for signal conditioning was designed and built and data acquisition software that enables measurements with both methods was developed in the LabVIEW programming language. However, the shot-by-shot method provided an inadequate sensitivity for the study of polymeric films (ΔT⁄T ~0.7%, limited by electronic noise in the amplification of detector signals), compared with ΔT⁄T ~ 0.1%, which was achieved by the phase sensitive method, and was the goal at the beginning of the project. Thus, the latter method was used to study the evolution of the spectrum and dynamics of stimulated emission of a film of MEH-PPV, with excitation in the visible and UV, allowing the study of the dynamics of higher lying electronic states. The results in the visible are consistent with those reported in the literature, which demonstrates the performance of the apparatus with respect to sensitivity and time/spectral resolution. The results with UV excitation indicate that the energy transfer among the more energetic bands to the π - π* band (internal conversion) occurs in about 300 fs, confirming the assumptions of the literature on the ultrafast energy relaxation processes (Kashas rule), besides suggesting the existence of even more energetic bands than those currently known. As future work, we plan to measure the efficiency of this energy transfer process, since it may be the limiting step in determining the overall photoluminescence efficiency of conjugated polymers with ultraviolet excitation.


conjugated polymers espectroscopia ultrarrápida excitação no uv polímeros conjugados processos óticos ultrarrápidos pump-probe technique técnica de bombeio e prova ultrafast spectroscopy uv excitation ultrafast optical processes

Documentos Relacionados