Ensino superior no Brasil: entre o estado e o mercado


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This study aims to present how the current framework of Brazilian s of higher education model has been formed, its impact on education policies and the formation of the sector concentrating in the hands of the countrys businesses owners, which are supported by actions of ideological-policies lobbied on disputes for the States preferences and its uneasiness in the process of economic development since Vargass government until Fernando Henrique Cardoso government. The dimensions of political- ideological preferences with liberal nature strong influencing the decisions of the State in the formation of the guiding lines to higher education, once observed before the creation of the 1961 (LDB) which was consolidated on FHC government, resultant from combinations between liberal sectors pressure and its sympathizers, with a strong appeal of liberalization and decentralization actions from government decisions so that the private superior-teaching sectors can expand in the country. In this circumstances in order to expand the state arranged policies which facilitate financing, income transfer, lenience, connivance to break the laws that lead the sector, as well as establishing laws that make flexible the higher education sector in order to permit a trajectory of expansion and a faster consolidation in the offering of courses and placements to meet the demand in constant growth in the country, depriving the investment available to the higher education public sector. Being so, this study searches in its historic-politics trajectorys analysis comprehend how higher education which had been so far a public asset became a "commodity" with the suggestion of "democratization of access" for the countrys private higher education sector. Thus, it is possible to say that the State denied its role as promoting, regulator, corrector, of higher educational systems socially accepted in a true democracy, on behalf of modernization system led by business community owners


ciencias sociais aplicadas estado política educacional superior brasileira liberalismo flexibilização mercado state brazilians educational policy liberalism flexibility marketplace

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